Government General with a mass
problem of policy concerning the population. Many cities had a
percentage of Jews exceeding 50 percent. Only the rich Jews had fled
from the German troops. The majority of Jews remained under German
administration. The latter found the problem more complicated through
the fact that these Jews represented almost entire trade and even a
part of the manpower in small and medium industries, besides business,
which had in part become superfluous as a direct or indirect result of
the war. The elimination therefore necessarily had far-reaching
economic consequences and even direct consequences for the armament
industry (production for supplying the troops)."
Paragraph 1 on Page 2:
"The attitude of the Jewish
population was anxious obliging from the beginning. They tried
to avoid everything that might displease the German administration.
That they hated the German administration and army inwardly goes
without saying and cannot be surprising. However, there is no proof
that Jewry as a whole or even to a greater part was implicated in acts
of sabotage . . . . Surely there were some terrorists or saboteurs
among them, just as among the Ukrainians. But it cannot be said that
the Jews as such represented a danger to the German Armed Forces. The
output produced by Jews who, of course, were prompted by nothing but'
the feeling of fear, was satisfactory to the troops and the German
"The Jewish population remained temporarily unmolested shortly
after the fighting. Only weeks, sometimes months later, specially
detached formations of police executed a planned shooting of Jews.
This action as a rule proceeded from east to west. It was done
entirely in public with the use of the Ukrainian militia; and
unfortunately, in many instances also with members of the Armed Forces
taking part voluntarily. The way these actions, which included men and
old men, women, and children of all ages, were carried out was
horrible. The great masses executed make this action more gigantic
than any similar measure taken so far in the Soviet Union. So far
about 150,000 to 200,000 Jews may have been executed in the part of
the Ukraine belonging to the Reichskommissariat; no consideration was
given to the interests of economy.
"Summarizing, it can be said that the kind of solution of the
Jewish problem applied to the Ukraine, which obviously was based on
the ideological theories as a matter of principle, had the following