13 Dec. 45

I should like to say again that I would not like to be a Jew in Germany."
It was whimsical remarks such as these that originated decrees, for following this meeting a decree was issued placing upon the German Jews the burden of 1,000,000,000 Reichsmark fine: 1938: Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, Page 1579, date 12 November 1938, signed by the defendant Göring.

Similar decrees are contained in 1939 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, Page 282, signed by Defendant Göring and 1941 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part I, Page 722, signed by Defendants Frick and Bormann.

Finally, in the year 1943, the Jews were placed beyond the protection of any judicial process by a decree signed by the Defendants Bormann and Frick and others; and the police became the sole arbiters of punishment and death: 1943 Reichsgesetzblatt, Part 1, Page 372, signed by Frick and Bormann.

I ask the Court to take judicial notice of the Reichsgesetzblatt decrees cited.

Side by side with the passage of these decrees and their execution went still another weapon, wielded by the Party and the Party-controlled state. These were the openly sponsored and official anti-Jewish boycotts against Jews. I now offer Document 2409-PS, the published diary of Joseph Goebbels, Exhibit Number USA-262, and I invite the Court's attention to Page 290 where, under date of 29 March 1933 — the Court will find the quotation on the top of Page 1 of the translation of 2409-PS — "The boycott appeal is approved by the entire Cabinet." And again on the 31st of March 1933 he wrote, on Page 1, first sentence of Paragraph 2, "We are having a last discussion among a very small circle and decide that the boycott is to start tomorrow with all severity."

The Defendant Streicher and the Defendant Frank, together with Himmler, Ley, and others, were members of a central committee who conducted the 1933 boycott against the Jews. Their names are listed in Document 2156-PS, National Socialist Party Correspondence, 29 March 1933, Exhibit Number USA-263.

As early as 1933 violence against the Jews was undertaken. Raids were conducted, by uniformed Nazis, on services within synagogues. Attending members of the synagogues were assaulted and religious insignia and emblems were desecrated. A report of such an occurrence is contained in the official dispatch from the American Consul General in Leipzig, dated 5 April 1933.

I offer in evidence Document 2709-PS . . .

THE PRESIDENT: What do you refer to 2156 for?

MAJOR WALSH: Only, Sir, to show the names of the Defendants Streicher and Frank as members of the boycott committee.