26 Nov. 45

state will hold out as long as possible, unless it immediately suffers some grave weakening (for example Ruhr Basin). .).. England has similar weaknesses.

"England knows that to lose a war will mean the end of her world power.

"England is the driving force against Germany."--which translated literally means: "England is the motor driving against Germany." I suppose that is the French "force motrice."

"Her strength lies in the following:

"1. The British themselves are proud, courageous, tenacious, firm in resistance, and gifted as organizers. They know how to exploit every new development. They have the love of adventure and the bravery of the Nordic race. Quality is lowered by dispersal. The German average is higher.

"2. World power in itself. It has been constant for 300 years. Extended by the acquisition of allies, this power is not merely something concrete, but must also be considered as a psychological force embracing the entire world. Add to this immeasurable wealth, with consequential financial credit.

"3. Geopolitical safety and protection by strong sea power and a courageous air force.

"England's weakness:

"If in the World War I we had had two battleships and two cruisers more, and if the battle of Jutland had been begun in the morning, the British Fleet would have been defeated and England brought to her knees. It would have meant the end of this war."--that war, I take it--"It was formerly not sufficient to defeat the Fleet. Landings had to be made in order to defeat England. England could provide her own food supplies. Today that is no longer possible.

"The moment England's food supply routes are cut, she is forced to capitulate. The import of food and oil depends on the Fleet's protection.

"If the German Air Force attacks English territory, England will not be forced to capitulate in one day. But if the Fleet is destroyed, immediate capitulation will be the result.

"There is no doubt that a surprise attack can lead to a quick decision. It would be criminal, however, for the Government to rely entirely on the element of surprise.

"Experience has shown that surprise may be nullified by: "1. Disclosure coming from a large circle of military experts concerned;