extraordinary powers and thus become the leading force in Nazi Germany.

On 9 June 1934 Hess issued a decree in accordance with which the "Security Service of the Reichsführer SS" was declared to be the "sole political news and defense service of the Party" (GB-257).

Thus the defendant played a direct part in the creation and consolidation of the system of special police organs which were being prepared for the commission of crimes in occupied territories.

We find Hess to have always been an advocate of the man-hating "master race" theory. In a speech made on 16 January 1937 while speaking of the education of the German Nation, Hess pointed out: "Thus, they are being educated to put Germans above the subjects of a foreign nation, regardless of their positions or their origin" (GB-253, PS-3124).

Hess signed the so-called "Law for the Protection of Blood and Honor" on 15 September 1935 (USA-200, PS-3179). The body of this law states that "the Führer's deputy is authorized to issue all necessary decrees and directives" for the practical realization of the "Nuremberg decrees".

On 14 November 1935, Hess issued an ordinance under the Reich citizenship law in accordance with which the Jews were denied the right to vote at elections or hold public office (GB-258, PS-1417).

On 20 May 1938 a decree signed by Hess extended the Nuremberg laws to Austria (GB-259, PS-2124). On 12 October 1939 Hess signed a decree creating the administration of Polish occupied territories (Reichsgesetzblatt, No. 210, 1939, p. 2077). Article 2 of this decree gave the Defendant Frank the power of dictator.

There is sufficiently convincing evidence showing that this defendant did not limit himself to this general directive which introduced into the occupied Polish territories a regime of unbridled terror. As is shown in the letter of the Reichsminister of Justice to the Chief of the Reich Chancellery dated 17 April 1941, Hess was the initiator in the formation of special "penal laws" for Poles and .Jews in occupied Eastern territories. The role of this defendant in the drawing up of these "laws" is characterized by the Minister of Justice in the following words:

"In accordance with the opinion of the Führer's deputy I started from the point of view that the Pole is less susceptible to the infliction of ordinary punishment . . . . Under these new kinds of punishment, prisoners are to be lodged outside prisons in camps and are to be forced to do heavy and heaviest labor . . . . The introduction of corporal punishment which the deputy of the Führer has brought up for discussion has not