personal confidant and his authority was exceedingly great: In this connection it is sufficient to quote Hitler's decree appointing Hess as his deputy: "I hereby appoint Hess as my deputy and give him full power to make decisions in my name on all questions of Party leadership" (Transcript, Afternoon Session, 7 February 1946).

But the authority of Hess was not only confined to questions of party leadership.

The official NSDAP publication National Socialist Year Book for 1941 states that:
"In addition to the duties of Party leadership, the deputy of the Führer has far-reaching powers in the field of the State. These are: First-participation in national and state legislation, including the preparation of the Führer's order. The deputy of the Führer in this way validates the conception of the Party . . . . Second-approval of the deputy of the Führer of proposed appointments for official and labor service leaders. Third-securing the influence of the Party over the self government of the municipal units." (USA-255, PS-3163)
Hess was an active supporter of Hitler's aggressive policy. The Crimes against Peace committed by him are dealt with in sufficient detail in the Judgment. The mission undertaken by Hess in flying to England should be considered as the last of these crimes, as it was undertaken in the hope of facilitating the realization of aggression against the Soviet Union by temporarily restraining England from fighting.

The failure of this mission led to Hess's isolation and he took no direct part in the planning and commission of subsequent crimes of the Hitler regime. There can be no doubt, however, that Hess did everything possible for the preparation of these crimes.

Hess, together with Himmler, occupied the role of creator of the SS police organizations of German fascism which afterwards committed the most ruthless Crimes against Humanity. The defendant clearly pointed out the "special tasks" which faced the SS formations in occupied territories.

When the Waffen SS was being formed Hess issued a special order through the Party Chancellery which made aiding the conscription of Party members into these organizations by all means compulsory for Party organs. He outlined the tasks set before the Waffen SS as follows:

"The units of the Waffen SS composed of National Socialists are more suitable than other armed units for the specific tasks to be solved in the occupied Eastern territories due to the intensive training in regard to questions of race and nationality" (GB-267, PS-3245). As early as 1934 the defendant initiated a proposal that the so-called SD under the Reichsführer SS (Security Service) be given