Dr Robert Jay Lifton THE NAZI DOCTORS:
                        Medical Killing and the
                            Psychology of Genocide ©
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Notes to Pages 489 499 
(The numbers in brackets refer to the original, complete citation of a particular reference in each chapter. The dates in brackets denote original publication of a title.)    
110. Dadrian, “Turkish Physicians” [19].  
111. Avery Weisman and Thomas Hackett, “Predilection to Death: Death and Dying as a psychiatric Problem,” Psychosomatic Medicine (1961).  
112. Rolf Hochhuth, A German Love Story (Boston: Little, Brown, 1980 [1978]), pp. 57 60.  
113. Beyerchen, Scientists 1411, p: 79-167; Cocks, Psychotherapy [98], pp. 127 35.  
114. Karl Stern, The Pillar of Fire (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1951), p. 153,  
115. Otto Weininger, Sex and Character, 6th rev. ed. (New York: Putnam's, 1906), p. 328; see chap. 8.  
116. Benno Müller Hill, Tödliche Wissenschaft: Die Aussonderung von Juden, Zigeunern und Geisteskranken 1933 1945 (Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1983), p. 90.  
117. Boder, “Nazi Science,” [97], pp. 13 22.
118. Walter Schellenberg, The Labyrinth: Memoirs (New York: Harper, 1956), p. 170.   
119. Himmler, quoted in Hermann Langbein, Menschen in Auschwitz (Vienna: Europaverlag, 1974), p. 320.  
120. On alcohol and numbing, see Langbein, Menschen 11191, pp. 337 38.  
121. Hilberg, Destruction [65], p. 629.  
122. Speer, Inside [102], pp. 212, 524  
123. Jeffrey Herf, Reactionary Modernism: Technology Culture and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1984), p. 7 i; Klaus Theweleit, Männerphantasien, 2 vols. (Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1980 [1977]).  
124. William Barrett, The Illusion of Technique. A Search for Meaning in a Technological Civilization (New York: Anchor Press, 1978), p. xiv. See also Jacques Ellul, The Technological Society (New York Alfred A Knopf, 1964) and The Technological System (New York Continuum, 1980).  
125. Robert Jay Lifton, Home From the War: Vietnam Veterans, Neither Victims Nor Executioners (New York: Basic Books, 1984 [1973]), p. 349.  
126. Lifton, Broken Connection [4], pp. 369 87; Lifton and Falk, Indefensible Weapons [105].  
127. For an elegant critique of these attitudes from within, so to speak by three members of Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, see Reid Simmons, Karen Solomon, and Dan Carnese, “Peril of ‘Intelligent’ Weapons,” Boston Globe, 29 July 1984, p. 39.  
128. Barrett, Illusion [124], p. 8.  
129. Herf, Modernism [123), pp. 71 72.  
130. Max Weber, quoted in Martin Green, The von Richthofen Sisters: The Triumphant and the Tragic Modes of Love (New York: Basic Books, 1974), p. 152.  
131. Irving L Janis, Group Think A Psychological Study of Foreign Policy Decisions and Fiascos (Boston Houghton Mifflin, 1972)  
132. Raul Hilberg, “Confronting the Moral Implications of the Holocaust,” Social Education 42 (1978):272 76; Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, rev. and definitive ed. (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1985), vol. III, pp. 407 16.  
133. Alan Rosenberg “The Genocidal Universe A Framework for Understanding the Holocaust.” European Judaism 13 (1979):29 34  
134. See Lifton, Broken Connection [4], p. 8  
135. Michael Basch, “The Concept of ‘Self,’” in Developmental Approaches to the Self, Benjamin Lee and Gil Noam, eds., (New York: Plenum Press, 1983), pp. 7 58, especially p.52.  
136. Theodore W Adorno, et al The Authoritarian Personality (New York Harper, 1952). David C. McClelland makes the point that the relatively great German submissiveness to authority stems from “an excess of the virtuous emphasis on self discipline for the common good” (“The United States and Germany: A Comparative Study of National Character,” in McClelland The Roots of Consciousness [Princeton: Van Nostrand, 1964], pp. 62 92). 
137. Harold Orlans, “An American Death Camp,” Politics 5 (1948): 162 67.  
138. Elias Canetti, Crowds and Power (New York: Viking, 1962), p. 443, see pp. 227 30 
Medical Killing and the
Psychology of Genocide

Robert J. Lifton
ISBN 0-465-09094
© 1986
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