Dr Robert Jay Lifton THE NAZI DOCTORS:
                        Medical Killing and the
                            Psychology of Genocide ©
 
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Notes to Pages 442-461  
 
(The numbers in brackets refer to the original, complete citation of a particular reference in each chapter. The dates in brackets denote original publication of a title.)    
 
37. Ibid., pp. 39-40. 
38. E. E. Evans-Pritchard, “The Logic of African Science and Witchcraft,” in Max Marwick, ed., Witchcraft and Sorcery: Selected Readings (Baltimore: Penguin, 1970), p. 327.  
39. On psychic numbing and numbed violence, see Robert Jay Lifton, Death in Survivors of Hiroshima (New York: Basic Books, 1983 [1968]); Lifton, Home from the War [14]; Lifton, The Life of the Self: Toward a New Psychology (New York: Basic Books, 1983 [1976]); and Lifton, Broken Connection [7].  
40. Alexander and Margarete Mitscherlich, The Inability to Mourn (New York: Grove Press, 1975 [1967]). 
41 . See the letter from a friend in the Luftwaffe in Friedrich Percyval Reck-Malleczewen, Diary of a Man in Despair (New York: Macmillan, 1970), p. 89. On the related idea of “hardness,” see Buchheim “Command and 'Compliance” [24], pp. 334-43.  
42. On the understanding of “It is the Führer’s wish,” see Gerald Fleming, Hitler and the Final Solution (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984 [1982]), especially pp. 126-39. 
43. Raul Hilberg, “Confronting the Moral Implications of the Holocaust,” Social Education 42 (1978):275; Hilberg, Destruction [24], p. 216. 
44. Hilberg, “Moral Implications” [43], p. 273.  
45. Höss, quoted in Buchheim, “Command and Compliance,” [24], p. 374.  
46. Fred E. Katz, “A Sociological Perspective to the Holocaust,” Modern Judaism 2 (1982): 280.  
47. J. P. Stern, Hitler: The Führer and the People (Glasgow: Fontana/Collins, 1971), pp. 70-71.  
48. Quotation from a letter from a friend in the Luftwaffe, in Reck-Malleczewen, Diary [41] ,p. 87.  
49. Cecil, Myth [17], pp. 2-3.  
50. Langer, Mind [4], pp. 79-80.  
51. Geoffrey Cocks, “Psyche and Swastika: ‘Neue Deutsche Seelenheilkunde’ 1935-1945” (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1975), pp. 332-33.  
52. Michael Kater, “Professionalization and Socialization of Physicians in Wilhelmine and Weimar Germany,” Journal of Contemporary History 20 (1985): 677-701.  
53. Kurt Blome, Arzt im Kampf: Erlebnisse und Gedanken (Leipzig: J. A. Barth, 1942).  
54. Joachim C. Fest, The Face of the Third Reich: Portraits of the Nazi Leadership (New York: Pantheon, 1970, [1963]), p. 542. 
55. Stephan Leibfried and Florian Tennstedt, Berufsverbote und Sozialpolitih, 1933: Die Auswirkungen der nationalsozialistischen Machtergreifung auf die Krankenhassenverwaltung und die Kassenärzte (Bremen: Universität Bremen, 1981).  
56. Hilberg, Destruction [24], p. 635. 
57. Rudolf Höss, Commandent of Auchwitz: The Autobiography of Rudolf Hoess (Cleveland: World, 1959 [1951]), p. 121.  
58. Eugen Kogon, The Theory and Practice of Hell (New York: Berkley Books, 1980 [1950]), p. 150. 
59. See Günther Schwarberg, The Murders at Büllenhuser Damm (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984 [1980]). 
60. Alexander Mitscherlich, personal communication.  
61. Miklos Nyiszli, quoted in Léon Poliakov, Auschwitz (Paris: Renée Julliard, 1964), p. 115.  
62. Loren Eiseley, “Man, the Lethal Factor” (unpublished manuscript).  
63. Professor Franz Hamburger, in a talk inaugurating the Nazi-controlled Viennese Medical Society, reported in JAMA 112 (1939):1982.  
64. See William Ryan, Blaming the Victim, rev. ed. (New York: Vintage, 1976).  
65. Hitler in a speech to the Reichstag, 30 January 1939, quoted in Dawidowicz, War Against the Jews [22], p. 106. 
66. Lifton, Broken Connection [7], pp. 302-34.  
67. Höss, Commandant [57], pp. 142-46. 
 
THE NAZI DOCTORS:
Medical Killing and the
Psychology of Genocide

Robert J. Lifton
ISBN 0-465-09094
© 1986
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