Dr Robert Jay Lifton THE NAZI DOCTORS:
                        Medical Killing and the
                            Psychology of Genocide ©
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Notes to Pages 422-432  
(The numbers in brackets refer to the original, complete citation of a particular reference in each chapter. The dates in brackets denote original publication of a title.)    
20. Ralph D. Allison, “When the Psychic Glue Dissolves,” HYPNOS-NYTT (December 1977). 
21. The first two influences are described in George B. Greaves, “Multiple Personality: 165 Years After Mary Reynolds,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 168 (1977): 577-96. Freud emphasized the third in The Ego and the Id, in the Standard Edition of the Works of Sigmund Freud, James Strachey, ed. (London: Hogarth Press, 1955 [1923]), vol. XIX, pp. 30-31.  
22. Ellenberger, Unconscious [3], pp. 394-400.  
23. Margaretta K. Bowers et al., “Theory of Multiple Personality,” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 19 (1971):60. 
24. See Lifton, Broken Connection [8], pp. 407-09; and Charles H. King, “The Ego and the Integration of Violence in Homicidal Youth,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 45 (1975): 142. 
25. Robert W. Rieber, “The Psychopathy of Everyday Life” (unpublished manuscript). 
26. James S. Grotstein, “The Soul in Torment: An Older and Newer View of Psychopathology,” Bulletin of the National Council of Catholic Psychologists 25 (1979):36-52. 
27. See Robert Jay Lifton, Home From the War: Vietnam Veterans, Neither Victims Nor Executioners (New York: Basic Books, 1984 [1973]).  
28. Rudolf Höss, quoted in Karl Buchheim, “Command and Compliance,” in Helmut Krausnick et al., Anatomy of the SS State (New York: Walker, 1968 [1965]), p. 374.  
29. Christian de La Mazière, The Captive Dreamer (New York: Saturday Review Press, 1974), pp. 14, 34. 
30. John H. Hanson, “Nazi Aesthetics,” The Psychohistory Review 9 (1981):276.  
31. Sociologist Werner Picht, quoted in Heinz Höhne, The Order of the Death ’s Head: The Story of Hitler’s S. S. (New York: Coward-McCann, 1970 [1966]), pp. 460-61.  
32. Rolf Hochhuth, A German Love Story (Boston: Little, Brown, 1980 [1978]), p. 220. 
33. Rank, Beyond Psychology [10], p. 68. 
34. Koppel S. Pinson, Modern Germany: Its History and Civilization (2nd ed.; New York: Macmillan, 1966), pp. 1-3 (last phrase is from Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil).  
35. Ronald Gray, The German Tradition in Literature, 1871-1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965), pp. 3, 79.  
36. Faust, quoted in Pinson, Germany [34], p. 3.  
37. Gray, Tradition [35], pp. 1-3. 
38. Walter Kaufmann, Goethe’s Faust (New York: Doubleday, 1961), p. 17. 
39. Thomas Mann, Doctor Faustus: The Life of the German Composer Adrian Leverkühn as Told by a Friend (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1948 [1947]), p. 243. 
40. Ibid., pp. 249, 308.  
41. Rank, Double [10]; see also Robert Rogers, A Psychoanalytic Study of the Double in Literature (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1970).  
Chapter 20. The Auschwitz Self: Psychological Themes in Doubling 
1. Paul Brohmer, “The New Biology: Training in Racial Citizenship” (1933), in George L. Mosse, ed., Nazi Culture: Intellectual, Cultural and Social Life in the Third Reich (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1968), pp. 81-90. 
2. Antoni Kepinski,  “‘ Anus mundi,’” Anthology I, 2:2. 
3. Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (Boston: Houghton Muffin, 1943 [1925-26]), p. 402. 
4. Susanne K. Langer, Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling, vol. III (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982), p. 70. 
5. Ibid., p. 83. 
6. See Hitler, Mein Kampf [3], pp. 398-407.  
7. Robert Jay Lifton, The Broken Connection: On Death and the Continuity of Life (New York: Basic Books, 1983 [1979]), p. 74. 
8. Leo Alexander, introduction to Alexander Mitscherlich and Fred Mielke, Doctors of  Infamy: The Story of the Nazi medical Crimes (New York: Henry Schumann, 1949 [1974]), p. XXXII.
Medical Killing and the
Psychology of Genocide

Robert J. Lifton
ISBN 0-465-09094
© 1986
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