Dr Robert Jay Lifton THE NAZI DOCTORS:
                        Medical Killing and the
                            Psychology of Genocide ©
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Notes to Pages 125-135 
(The numbers in brackets refer to the original, complete citation of a particular reference in each chapter. The dates in brackets denote original publication of a title.)    
36. George L. Mosse, Toward the Final Solution: A History of European Racism (New York: Harper & Row, 1978), p. 87. 
37. Daniel Gasman, The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League (New York: Elsevier, 1971), p. 160. See George L. Mosse, The Crisis of German Ideology: Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1964), p. 4. 
38. See Robert G. L. Waite, Vanguard of Nazism: The Free Corps Movement in Postwar Germany, 1918-1923 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1952), pp. 26-28. Quoted phrase is from a 1939 “semiofficial history” of German noncommissioned officers by a Count von Ledebur. 
39. Ibid., p. 281.  
40. Jeffrey Herf, “Reactionary Modernism: The Reconciliation of Technology and Unreason in Weimar Germany and the Third Reich” (unpublished dissertation, Brandeis University, 1980), pp. 74-88; published with some revisions as Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Culture and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), p. 63.  
41. Mosse, Final Solution [36], p. 106 
42. Herf, “Reactionary Modernism” [40], pp. 101-19.  .
43. See Herf, Reactionary Modernism [40], pp. 42-43.  
44. Ibid., pp. 101-2, 107. 
45. Robert Wistrich, Who’s Who in Nazi Germany (New York: Macmillan, 1982), p. 329. 
46. Theodore N. Kaufman, Germany Must Perish! (Newark: Argyle Press, 1941).  
47. Leonard L. Heston and Renate Heston, The Medical Casebook of Adolf Hitler (New York: Stein & Day, 1982), pp. 113-15, 73-103, suggest amphetamine toxicity; Dr. F. C. Redlich questions this diagnosis (personal communication, 1984).  
48. George L. Mosse, “Death, Time and History,” Masses and Man: Nationalist and Fascist Perceptions of Reality (New York: Fertig, 1980), p. 73. 
49. Frank Rector, The Nazi Extermination of Homosexuals (New York: Stein & Day, 1981). 
50. Rolf Hochhuth, A German Love Story (Boston: Little, Brown, 198o [1978]), pp, 143-44. 
Chapter 6. Bringing "Euthanasia" to the Camps: Action
Special Treatment 14f13 
1. Mennecke testimony, 17 January 1947, Nuremberg Medical Case, vol. I, p. 832. Mennecke claimed that these early visits were not part of 14f13, but rather were general examinations of the insane.  
2. Amnon Amir, “Euthanasia in Nazi Germany” (unpublished dissertation, State University of New York, Albany, 1977), pp. 297-301. 
3. Ibid.,p. 300; Hans-Günther Seraphim, expert testimony on “Special Treatment” and 14f13 (10 May 1960), Generalstaatsanwaltschaft Frankfurt/M., JS 20/61, vol. I/3 (44). 
4. Eugen Kogon et al., Nationalsozialistische Massentötungen durch Giftgas: Eine Dokumentation (Frankfurt/M.: S. Fischer, 1983), p. 66.  
5. Nitsche testimony, 2 May 1947, Heyde Trial, p. 611. 
6. Ernst Klee, “Euthanasie” im NS-Staat: Die "Vernichtung lebensunwerten Lebens" (Frankfurt/M.: S. Fischer, 1983), pp. 345-47; Kogon, Massentötungen [4], pp. 66-71; Heyde Trial, pp. 606-12. 
7. Klee, “Euthanasie” [6], pp. 349-50. 
8. Friedrich Mennecke to his wife, 24 November 1941, Heyde Trial, p. 639. See also Amir, “Euthanasia” [2], pp. 305-6.  
Medical Killing and the
Psychology of Genocide

Robert J. Lifton
ISBN 0-465-09094
© 1986
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