The Holocaust and the Neo-Nazi Mythomania
© 1978, The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation
 
 
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Let us point out another subtlety of expression in the text of the ordinance. Just as in the exposé of Heydrich, one finds there the evocation of Theresienstadt intended for the old people and the privileged ones (which, incidentally, did not at all prevent the deportation of these Jews to Auschwitz where at first they were settled to be afterwards exterminated). But in principle the camp of Theresienstadt was not designated for the extermination. To stress the exceptional position of Theresienstadt, it was a question not simply of the transportation of the Jews, but of their "transplantation."

Aside from that, there was no longer any question of any sort of Jewish reserve. If the Jews were to be treated in such a way as to have them disappear from the "European economic space," it was necessary in those conditions to make them disappear from the face of the earth.

The ordinance of October 9, 1942, was faithful to the conventional vocabulary introduced by Heydrich at the Conference of Wannsee: the stage of work "in the East" and the stage of disappearance "farther east." The fiction which replaced the transport to the gas chambers by the transport into "zones of operation" farther east was respected.

This terminology was respected by the heads of the regime even among themselves. On March 27, 1942, Goebbels wrote in his personal diary (135):
"In the General Government, the Jews, beginning with those of Lublin, are going to be evacuated to the East. To accomplish this, one is employing rather barbaric methods, on which no further explanation is necessary; not much is left of the Jews. Generally speaking, one may say that sixty percent of them must be liquidated, whereas only forty percent can be put to work. The former Gauleiter of Vienna, who is directing this operation, is accomplishing it with sufficient discretion, and by employing procedures which do not attract the attention too much... No other government and no other regime would have enough strength to resolve this question once and for all. Here again, the Führer is the determined champion of a radical solution which the circumstances require and which thus seems inevitable. The ghettos which become free in the cities of the General Government will be filled with Jews evacuated from the Reich; then the operation will be renewed from time to time..."
Thus Goebbels, even in his diary, observed the convention of calling "evacuation to the East" what he at once explained as extermination on the spot by "procedures which do not attract the attention too much, that is to say, by gas chambers. Another fiction was observed: in the secrets to be revealed concerning the "final solution," there was no question of Auschwitz. Goebbels spoke of the General Government and of the operation of Globocnik. In the autumn of 1942, General Oberg, Himmler's representative in occupied France, indicated to Laval that to questions on the deportation of the Jews it was necessary to answer that they were transported to the General Government to work. However, the Sipo-SD in Paris sent one convoy after the other not to the General Government, but to Auschwitz, located in Upper Silesia.
    
   

 
The Holocaust and the Neo-Nazi Mythomania
© 1978, The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation
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