Globocnik the corresponding instructions
and go see how far he has gotten in this task (Vorhaben). I believe he is using
the anti tank trenches of the Russians to destroy Jews in them."
Globocnik, Gauleiter of Vienna until the beginning of the war, was
then named SS und Polizeiführer of the district of Lublin, region where
Eichmann was to imagine in 1939-40 the Jewish reserve of "Nisko". Eichmann thus
went to Globocnik's and remarked that not far from Lublin a work crew was
building and fitting out a shack destined for the extermination of the Jews by
gassing due to the exhaust fumes of an engine. This installation was to become
the extermination camp of Belzec. It was to be operative only as of March 1942.
Globocnik was also to install the extermination camps of Sobibor and Treblinka.
He was to exterminate the Jewish population of Poland almost entirely and
thousands of Jews deported from various countries.
During the same
period, Hoess, commander of the concentration camp of Auschwitz, was to receive
an order from Himmler similar to that given to Globocnik and which Himmler was
to present to him also as a "decision of the Führer." According to the
rather unclear recollections of Hoess, the first extermination took place in
the autumn of 1941 or rather, as Hoess corrected himself, in January 1942
(113). It concerned about a thousand Jews
from Upper Silesia who were killed by the gas Zyklon B. It is known that as of
summer 1942 Auschwitz was principally used for the extermination of deported
Jews from the occupied countries of Central, Western and Southern Europe.
These two orders given by Himmler (exermination [sic] in the Polish
territories entrusted: 1) to Globocnik, in the General Government, and 2) to
Hoess in Upper Silesia) diverged from the official language presented by
Heydrich in January 1942. Let us now examine the relation of all these orders
to an Order of the Führer.
Eichmann at his trial was to reveal a
curious fact. One might say, according to his testimony, that Globocnik wanted
to have a validation of the order which Himmler had, however, given him in the
name of Hitler in the summer of 1941 and which he had been applying since March
1942. Eichmann declared (114) that in the
summer or at the end of the summer of 1942 (by that date Globocnik had,
according to Eichmann, already killed a very great number of Jews), Globocnik
asked him for a written confirmation of the order to kill, a confirmation to be
formulated in such a way as to justify the executions to come as well as those
already practised. Given that it was Eichmann who was charged with personally
bringing him the document, it is evident that Globocnik considered necessary a
confirmation by the Sipo-SD. We know, in addition, that it was the Chief of the
Sipo-SD, Heydrich, who was on Hitler's order entrusted by Goering with finding
and applying the adequate method for the "final solution of the Jewish
question." Eichmann roughly quoted the text of the authorization: "I authorize
you to deliver up another 150,000 (or 250,000) Jews to the final solution