The Holocaust and the Neo-Nazi Mythomania
© 1978, The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation
 
 
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THE JEWISH QUESTION UNTIL 1941

the emigrant was to pay in marks the sum to be transferred; this was to cover a part of the price of German exports to Palestine (the other part was to be paid to the Germans in cash) whereas the emigrant upon arrival was to receive in Palestinian money the equivalent of the sum he had paid in marks. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and then Ribbentrop himself were opposed to this agreement. (8) A procedure which favourized [sic] the birth of a Jewish state, and yet in Palestine, to them seemed inacceptable. Rosenberg and his collaborators professed the same point of view hostile to Zionist emigration. But Hitler and with him Himmler and Heydrich, thus the Gestapo and the SD as well, insisted until the end of 1939 on the emigration to Palestine: the Zionist emigration was by its very nature the strongest current in the movement of Jewish emigration.

It would manifestly be absurd to infer the existence of a sort of sympathy between the Nazis and Zionism. This curious attitude of the Hitlerian authorities may be compared to the attitude of Hitler himself with regard to the Soviet Union at the time of the conclusion of the non-aggression pact in September 1939. This agreement was favourable to the immediate interests of the Soviet Union, a sworn enemy in the eyes of the Third Reich; but Hitler concluded it even so. He was certain that at a given moment he would surprise the enemy by his attack. The leaders of the Soviet Union were conscious of this as were the representatives of the Zionist organizations in what concerned their own case: they received at the same time immigrants and German exports, whereas the Reich emptied its territory of the Jews and gained currency for its exports to Palestine.

The Nazi authorities gave evidence of their primordial interest in the emigration of Jews to Palestine, but they neglected no possibility of emigration to another destination, being always understood that the greater part of the Jewish patrimony remain to profit the Reich and that the regulations concerning, foreign currencies be respected. At the end of the Conference of Evian, an international commission presided over by the American Rublee was formed. It reached an agreement with the Ministry of Finance and that of the Economy of the Reich and was founded on the same principle as that of Hahvara and valid for diverse countries of immigration. Only 25% of the Jewish fortune could be affected by the new agreement, the rest remained at the disposition of the Reich. (9) The Rublee agreement was concluded in January 1939 on behalf of the Germans, thanks to the efforts of Schacht, opposed by Ribbentrop, who wanted no collaboration of foreign states in resolving the Jewish question in Germany. However, foreign countries opened their borders but parcimoniously to the driven-out emigrants.

3. The Nazi Anti-Jewish Action Isolated from Mass Movements

The propaganda directed by Goebbels, Rosenberg and Streicher acclimatized the anti-Jewish spirit among the German masses. It was  
 

   
   

 
The Holocaust and the Neo-Nazi Mythomania
© 1978, The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation
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