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 ages, ranks, and duties.) As an S.D. policeman, Barbie had to do only a short term of military service instead of the regular term. From September 5 to December 3, 1938, he was a private in the 39th Infantry Regiment.

On April 9, 1939, Klaus became engaged to Regina Margareta Maria Willims, twenty-three, daughter of a post office clerk. She had not completed her secondary education, but had taken a six-month course in cooking. In 1936 she worked as a maid in Berlin, and in 1937 she settled in Düsseldorf, where she took care of children in the day nursery of the Nazi Women's Organization. She too was a member of the Nazi Party, No. 5,429,240.

They were married in Berlin on April 25, 1940. The witnesses were Klaus's associates, S.S.-Obersturmführer Emil Goebel and Paul Neukirchen. Klaus himself, who had been Oberscharführer since September 1, 1939, was promoted five days before his marriage to S.S.-Untersturmführer.

When the Wehrmacht invaded western Europe, the police followed it. On May 25, 1940, Klaus Barbie reached The Hague, where he was assigned to the S.D.-Security Police's Bureau for Jewish Affairs. But game was more plentiful in Amsterdam. The young S.S.-Obersturmführer – Barbie had passed his examination and been promoted on November 9, 1940, and he was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class, on April 20, l941 – was to work, from early 1941 until March 1, 1942, in the Bureau for Jewish Affairs in the city of Rembrandt and, later, of Anne Frank.

He must have gotten a leave in the fall of 1940, for his daughter was born on June 30, 1941, in Trier.

On May 21, 1942, a new assignment sent Barbie to France, where he was made head of the S.D.-Security Police Exterior Commando Force in Gex, near the Swiss border. In November 1942, he was made head of the Gestapo's Department IV in Lyon.

I have read what two of his associates in Lyon thought about him. To the fanatical Nazi S.S. Alfred Lutjens, Barbie was "a first-class comrade, intelligent and dynamic, the very soul of the Gestapo." To S.S. Kurt Abendroth, "Barbie's excesses were not always reported to Paris. Barbie was the dynamo of the Department." "Soul" and "dynamo" – those two words say what they mean: Barbie was frenzied in his activities.

An S.D.-Security Police secretary, Hedwig Oudra, who was twenty in 1943, says that she considered Barbie to be excessively brutal. He frequently rebuked one of his deputies named Floreck for not
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