Moulin, l'unificateur ("Jean Moulin, Unifier
of Resistance"); and Eric Piquet Wicks's Quatre dans l'ombre ("Four in
the Shadows"). |
In a few days I had sixty solid pages of data. I now had
to get them reproduced. Fortunately Francis Lenchener's father allowed us to
use his copying machine. During the following months we spent a lot of time in
the Lenchener offices copying those documents and collating them, and
eventually we produced about two hundred rather bulky sets for distribution.
Much has been written about Klaus Barbie, including a defensive memoir
that he wrote in collaboration with the Brazilian journalist Dantas Ferreira.
But what I have added to this literature is the indisputable evidence about his
crimes that I discovered in Germany and in records not generally available to
Nikolaus (Klaus) Barbie was born on October 25, 1913, in
Bad Godesberg, near Bonn. His mother, Anna Hees, twenty-seven, and his father,
Nikolaus Barbie, did not marry until January 30, 1914. The marriage took place
in Merzig, in the Saar, the ancestral town of the Barbie family. Klaus's father
was first an office worker and later a schoolteacher. He died at the age of
forty-five from a neck tumor that resulted from a World War I wound.
Until he was eleven, Klaus went to the elementary school in Udler,
where his father taught. Then he entered Friedrich-Wilhelm High School in
Trier, from which he was graduated in 1934. Starting on April 1, 1933, Klaus
was part of the Hitler Youth. He did not continue his studies at a higher
level, but volunteered for work service at Niebull, in Schleswig-Holstein. He
stayed there for six months, from April 26 to October 31, 1934. Once his work
term was over, Klaus enlisted in the Hitler Youth, and even then he was
voluntarily cooperating with the regional branch of the Nazi Party as secretary
to the chief of the Trier section.
Early in 1935 he came into contact
with the secret service of Reichsführer S.S. Himmler the S.D. On
September 25, 1935, he became S.S. No. 272,284, and was assigned as an
assistant in the S.D.'s central office, the IV-D. In October 1937, Klaus Barbie
was transferred to the administrative staff of the S.D.
He had joined
the Nazi Party as No. 4,583,085 on May 1, 1937. (It is extraordinary that the
three principal S.S. members I am attacking had the following party membership
cards: Barbie, No. 4,583,085; Hagen, No. 4,583,139; Lischka, No. 4,583,185.
There were over eight million Nazis, and these three were of different