The ways Jews have of distrusting one
another is apparently not the determining factor in Palestine's economic chaos
. . . . The Jews' complete inability to manage their country's economy is
demonstrated by the existence in Jerusalem alone of some forty banks that
thrive by swindling their own people.
Another illustration of
that mentality is Hagen's refusal, on February 9, 1938, to entrust the Jews of
the Fulda-Werra area to S.S. Officer Heinrich: "His youth and his lack of
toughness render him unfit to tackle Frankfurt's 20,000 Jews."
of carefully thought out plans, Section II-112, inspired by Hagen and Eichmann,
who frequently made tours through Central Europe, made a worldwide study of
Jewish organizations and set up a network of spies in Paris, New York, Cairo,
Jerusalem, Prague, and Bucharest. Section II-112 also compiled a remarkable set
of records and methods that were to be used by the Reich throughout conquered
Europe and would allow it to take over various Jewish communities by methods
that were so efficient that historians of the Holocaust are still astonished at
In October 1938, Hagen went to Vienna and Prague, where he
advised the leaders of Czech anti Semitism that the time was opportune for them
to create a general antipathy toward Jews. In May 1939, after the occupation,
he went back to Prague. On June 30, he advised: "Show the influence Jews have
on politics, culture, and the Czech economy. In that way government leaders who
are tolerant of such influence can be spotted a good chance for getting
rid of Czech nationals still in political power. Demonstrate that a converted
Jew is still the same as ever."
Section II-112 also saw to it that anti
Jewish measures in Germany were strictly enforced.
Hagen was an expert
on France, and spoke French extremely well. In November 1938, Hagen expressed
his satisfaction with the way his department had cooperated with the chief of
the corresponding department of the Gestapo, Section II-B-4, which Kurt Lischka
directed, in the anti-Jewish developments of that month including the
Week of the Broken Glass.
During the early days of the war, Himmler
reassigned the directors of his RSHA, which was both a government and an S.S.
department Hagen thereafter directed Section VI-2, devoted to "Judaism and anti
Semitism." In June 1940, S.S.-Standartenführer Helmut Knochen arrived in