Collin, peasant Armand Mascret, mechanic
André Leclers, chauffeur Yvon Delare, carpenter Marcel Darnier, printer
Jean Bourquard, upholsterer Albert Gerard, hairdresser Robert, tax expert
Robert Millot, tailor Marcel Andemar, student Lucien Dupont
Did any of you French people who were tortured at the same
time as those foreign Jewish hostages imagine that one day Achenbach would get
the red-carpet treatment in the inner circles of a French parliament? Or that
the members of that parliament, who today are free thanks to your sacrifices,
would be congratulating that man?
But what happened to the "two
thousand Jews" for whom, according to Achenbach, everything turned out fine?
On the day after that telegram, February 16, 1943, the chief of the
Gestapo's Bureau for Jewish Affairs, S.S.-Obersturmführer Heinz
Röthke, wrote in a memorandum:
In a repisal [sic] for the murder on
February 13, 1943, of two German air force officers, 15,000 able bodied men had
to be deported from France, and thousands of Jews had to make up that quota.
On February 23, 1943, S.S.-Obersturmbannführer Kurt
Lishka, commander of the Paris S.D.-Security Police, informed his Brussels
The Paris Police Commissioner was told by
me that by April 14, 1943, for the sake of reprisals, 2,000 Jews between the
ages of sixteen and sixty-five were to be arrested and shipped to the
concentration camp for Jews at Drancy.
On February 24,
Röthke reported to Lishka on a conversation with Sauts, the chief of staff
of Police Commissioner Leguay, about "the solution of the Jewish problem in
France, and the Italians' attitude toward the Jewish problem":
Sauts replied to me that the arrest of
2,000 Jews by the French police in the zone formerly and presently occupied in
order to effect the measures of reprisals ordered by the Paris Commander (Kurt
Lishka) was under way. Before February 23, more than 1,500 able-bodied Jews
between the ages of sixteen and sixty five had already been interned in the two
zones. Lishka had been ordered to see to it that only stateless Jews be
arrested or those whose nationality fitted our specifications for deportation .
. . . I told Sauts that we would consider the quota of 2,000 filled only if all
the Jews arrested did indeed conform to our specifications for deportation.