FRENCH CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST

A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld  

 
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OFFICIALS RESPONSIBLE FOR ANTI-JEWISH ACTS IN FRANCE

Aloïs BRUNNER: Head of a special commando sent by Eichmann in May, 1943 to help Rothke arrest Jews; Commandant of Drancy (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1912; condemned to death in absentia in France in 1956; given refuge by Syria, which has ignored extradition requests by Germany (1984) and France (1989).

Local SiPo-SD officials cited in this volume

Klaus BARBIE: Chief of the Gestapo in Lyon, 1943-44 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1913; employed by U.S. occupation authorities after the war, then smuggled to South America; discovered in Peru in 1971; extradited from Bolivia to France in 1983; tried in Lyons and condemned in 1987 to life in prison, where he died a few years later.

Hans-Dietrich ERNST: Head of the SiPo-SD in Angers, 1942-44 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1908; condemned to death in absentia four times by French courts; died while under indictment in Germany in the 1980s.

Herbert HAGEN: Head of the SiPo-SD in Bordeaux, 1940-1942 (see Higher SS Commanders).

German Embassy in Paris

Otto ABETZ: German ambassador to Paris. Born in 1903; sentenced to 20 years in prison in Paris in 1949; freed in 1954; died in 1958.

Ernst ACHENBACH: Chief of the Embassy's Political Section with jurisdiction for Jewish affairs. Born in 1909; member of the West German Bundestag after the war; died in 1991.

Carl Theo ZEITSCHEL: Expert on Jewish affairs in the Political Section. Born in 1893; died in the bombing of Berlin in 1945.

German Military Command in France
Otto von STULPNAGEL, Military commander in France until April 1942 (General). (Succeeded as commander by his cousin, General Karl Heinrich von Stulpnagel.) Committed suicide in prison in Paris in 1948.

Werner BEST: Head of the military administration staff. Died while under indictment in Germany in the late 1980s.

Kurt BLANKE: Head of the Jewish affairs section in the economics department. Became mayor of the city of Celle in Lower Saxony, West Germany.

French Authorities
Marshal (Henri) Philippe PETAIN: Chief of State of Vichy France. Born in 1856; condemned to death in 1945, sentence commuted to life imprisonment by Charles De Gaulle; died in custody in 1951.

Admiral François DARLAN: Vichy Prime Minister, February 1941 to April 1942. Assassinated in 1943 in Algeria.
   
   

FRENCH CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST

A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld

 
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