OFFICIALS RESPONSIBLE FOR
Higher SS and German Police Commanders
Heinrich HIMMLER: State Leader
(Reichsführer) of the SS and all of its organizations, including the
SiPo-SD and Gestapo; Interior Minister and, after Hitler, the most powerful man
in Germany from 1943 to the end of 1944. Chief of the Nazi concentration camp
system and of the plan for the Final Solution of the Jewish question. Born
in 1900; captured and committed suicide in 1945 before he could be
Karl OBERG: Head of the SS in France
(SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei). Born in 1897;
condemned to death in France in 1954; sentence commuted in 1958; freed in 1962;
died in 1965.
Herbert HAGEN: Oberg's personal aide
(SS-Sturmbannführer). Born in 1913; not tried until 1979; sentenced to
12 years in prison in Cologne, Germany in 1980.
Head of the Jewish Affairs office at Gestapo headquarters in Berlin (SS
Obersturmbannführer), considered one of the main forces behind the murders
of Europe's Jews. Born in 1906; captured in Argentina by Israeli agents,
tried in Jerusalem and hanged June 1, 1962.
Police (Sicherheitspolizei und Sicherheitsdienst (SiPo-SD)
Officials at the National Level in
Helmut KNOCHEN: Head of Security Police in France
(SS-Standartenführer). Born in 1910; condemned to death in France in
1954; pardoned in 1958; freed in 1962.
Kurt LISCHKA: Knochen's
deputy and SiPo-SD chief for Paris (SS-Obersturmbannführer). Born in
1909; sentenced to 10-year prison term in Cologne in 1980; died in 1989.
The Jewish Affairs Service of the Gestapo
DANNECKER: Chief of the Jewish Affairs Service in France from 1940 to August,
1942 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1913; committed suicide in an
American prison at Bad-Tölz in December 1945.
Dannecker's successor, August 1942 to August 1944 (SS-Obersturmführer).
Born in 1912; condemned to death in absentia in France in 1954; lawyer in
Wolfsburg, Germany; died in 1966.
Ernst HEINRICHSOHN: Aide to
Dannecker and Rothke until December 1942 (SS-Untersturmführer). Born in
1920; sentenced to six-year prison term in Cologne in 1980, when he was a
lawyer and the mayor of Burgstadt, Germany; died in 1992.
AHNERT: Aide to Dannecker and Rothke, 1942; head of the Gestapo's Jewish
Affairs Service in Paris (SS-Untersturmführer). Born in 1909;
disappeared in 1945.
CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST