FRENCH CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST

A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld  

 
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CONVOY HISTORIES

The Jews who had been rounded up and interned in different places in France were deported to the East in trainloads of approximately a thousand each. Most of the train convoys left from Drancy, on the northeast outskirts of Paris, and went directly to Auschwitz; a total of 11 left from other camps in the Occupied Zone. (See maps.)

This is a brief summary with respect to the children, defined as all those under 18.

As each convoy departed, a telex including information on departure time and number of deportees was sent by the local Gestapo to both headquarters in Berlin (Eichmann) and the destination camp (Auschwitz). Some of the convoy summaries refer to these telexes.


Convoy 1, March 27, 1942 (Drancy-Compiègne) This transport of 1,112 men was assembled by the Gestapo under the control of the German military administrative police. It was composed of French Jews arrested in Paris during roundups in 1941 and interned in Compiègne, and of foreign Jews from Drancy and the Loiret camps of Pithiviers and Beaune-la-Rolande. The military had classified the deportation as being for forced labor, not extermination. Thus, adolescents (those younger than 18) were excluded, although there were few among the internees. The convoy carried only one person under 18.

Convoy 2, June 5, 1942 (Compiègne) Convoy 2 was made up of approximately 750 internees from Drancy and 250 from camps in the Loiret department, all of whom were transferred to Compiègne on April 29 and May 8. As with convoy 1, youths were excluded.

Convoy 3, June 22, 1942 (Drancy) Children were excluded from convoy 3, as deportations in convoys of a thousand continued for adult men. Convoy 3 carried 1,000 adults, 934 men and – for the first time – women, 66 of them, of whom 16 were between the ages of 19 and 21.

Convoy 4, June 25, 1942 (Pithiviers) This convoy was made up exclusively of men. All were over 18, and most were of Polish nationality.

Convoy 5, June 28, 1942(Beaune-la-Rolande) There were 16 adolescents in this convoy of 1,000 men and 34 women. There were nine boys and seven girls, all between the ages of 15 and 18. The youngest boy, Maurice Cytrinowiez, and the youngest girl, Jeanine Stickgold, were 15.

Convoy 6, July 17, 1942 (Pithiviers) This transport deported 809 men and 119 women. Of these, 141 were less than 22 years
 
 
   
   

FRENCH CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST

A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld

 
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